Mental health is “a state of well-being and in equilibrium in which every individual realizes his/her own potential, can cope with normal stresses of everydaylife, and can work productively and fruitfully”. Positive mental health enhances social cohesion and social capital, improves peace and stability in the living environment, contributes to economic development in societies, and is a principle of democratic society. Mental health problems occur across all ages, cultures, and populations.
The food we eat is associated with our mood, behaviour, and cognition. Current knowledge connecting nutrition with mental health is based on a variety of evidence garnered from supporting animal behavioural research, neurochemical experiments in vitro, epidemiological studies and clinical trials.Recent evidence suggests that good nutrition is essential for our mental health and that a number of mental health conditions may be influenced by dietary factors.There are already 10 common interrelated frameworks that explain the interactions between the functions of the mind and the food we eat. (Figure 1).